In 1926, Carter G. Woodson, an African American historian, scholar, and educator, played a pivotal role in establishing "Negro History Week." This week-long observance aimed to celebrate and recognize the contributions of African Americans to American history and culture. Carter G. Woodson chose the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, two individuals who had a significant impact on the history of African Americans.
Negro History Week was later expanded to Black History Month and officially recognized by the United States government in 1976. This month-long observance has since become an annual celebration, dedicated to highlighting the achievements, struggles, and contributions of African Americans throughout history. The choice of February for Black History Month reflects the historical significance of this period and its connection to the abolitionist movement, the Civil War, and the ongoing struggle for civil rights.