Black History Month was not invented by a single individual; rather, it has its roots in the efforts of various individuals and organizations. It originated from "Negro History Week," which was created by Dr. Carter G. Woodson, an African American historian, scholar, and educator.
Dr. Carter G. Woodson established Negro History Week in 1926, choosing the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, both of whom had a significant impact on African American history. The goal of Negro History Week was to highlight the contributions of African Americans to American history and culture.
Over time, Negro History Week evolved into Black History Month. The expansion from a week to a month was proposed by students and educators at Kent State University in 1969, and it was officially recognized by President Gerald Ford in 1976. Since then, Black History Month has been observed every February in the United States, and it is a time to celebrate and recognize the achievements and contributions of African Americans throughout history.